November 21, 2014
Life and times of Gabriel Garcia Marquez
Here are some important dates in his life and career:
1927 - Garcia Marquez is born on March 6 in Aracataca, a backwater banana-growing town near Colombia's Caribbean coast. The oldest child of a large family, he spends part of his childhood living with his grandparents and is especially close to his grandfather, a retired army man who inspired the novel "No One Writes to the Colonel."
1940 - Garcia Marquez moves to Barranquilla, a port city famous for its Carnival, to start high school.
1947 - He studies law at the National University in the Colombian capital Bogota and has two short stories published in the El Espectador newspaper.
1948-1950 - After riots force the National University to close and Garcia Marquez returns to Barranquilla, where he works as a reporter and starts writing his first novel, "Leaf Storm."
1954 - Garcia Marquez works for El Espectador. His tale about a Colombian sailor who survived a high-seas shipwreck, published in installments, causes controversy in Colombia.
1955-1957 - "Leaf Storm" is published. He lives in Paris, publishing essays about his travels in communist eastern Europe.
1958 - Garcia Marquez marries Mercedes Barcha in Barranquilla. They remain married for the rest of his life.
1959 - Soon after Fidel Castro's rise to power In a revolution, Garcia Marquez travels to Cuba on Castro's invitation. They become close friends. Mercedes gives birth to the couple's first son, Rodrigo.
1960-1961 - Garcia Marquez lives in Cuba for a short time, before moving the family to Mexico where he rubs shoulders with the country's literati, including author Carlos Fuentes. "No one Writes to the Colonel" is published.
1962-1966 - The couple's second son, Gonzalo, is born. Garcia Marquez writes several screenplays and works for publishers and advertising agencies. He spends nearly two years writing "One Hundred Years of Solitude."
1967 - "One Hundred Years of Solitude" is published in June, earning Garcia Marquez recognition and accolades around the world. The family moves to Spain, staying until 1975.
1975-1976 - "Autumn of the Patriarch," inspired by various Latin American dictators, is published. Garcia Marquez is punched in the face by Peruvian author Mario Vargas Llosa in a dispute that triggers endless speculation over why they fell out.
1979-1981 - He divides his time between Colombia and Mexico. During a trip to Europe, he meets Pope John Paul II. He begins work on "Chronicle of a Death Foretold."
1982 - Garcia Marquez wins the Noble Prize for Literature.
1983-1987 - "Love in the Time of Cholera" is published, "Chronicle of a Death Foretold" is made into a film.
1989 - "The General in his Labyrinth," about the final days of South American independence leader Simon Bolivar, is published.
1994 - Garcia Marquez establishes the Foundation for New Ibero-American Journalism to promote democracy and independent journalism in Latin America.
1996 - "News of a Kidnapping", a non-fiction account of the kidnapping of several prominent figures in Colombia by drug lord Pablo Escobar is published.
1999 - Garcia Marquez battles lymphatic cancer, which goes into remission after chemotherapy treatment.
2002-2004 - He publishes his memoir "Living to Tell the Tale" in 2002. Two years later, "Memories of My Melancholy Whores" is released to mixed reviews.
2010-2012 - Garcia Marquez's editor says he is working on a new novel, titled "We'll See Each Other in August." A younger brother, Jaime, says that the author is suffering from dementia and can no longer write.
2014 - Garcia Marquez dies at his home in Mexico City.